The scope of testing is generally an extension of the requirement analysis phase and mostly considered as a single activity, since they go hand in hand. Once the requirements are out, the test team determines what items are to be tested and what not. Also if the test project requires automation, the feasibility of that is also evaluated here.
Having a clear scope defined will prove invaluable to the management to clearly figure what has been tested and which team has covered the testing effort. Stage 3 : Design the test strategy according to the scope. The test team after gathering the requirements and identifying the scope of testing will then put out a high-level document called the test strategy document, defining the testing approach to achieve the test objectives. On a high level, the content of the test strategy document will have the scope and objective of the testing, the approach, roles and responsibilities of individual test teams, tools identified for testing, the metrics identified, risks and mitigation plans, reporting and tracking mechanisms, etc.
Stage 4 : Identify the required tools needed for testing and management. There also have to be tools identified for test management which will help in creating and assigning tasks, tracking the test progress, identifying roadblocks and generating reports indicating progress.
We will discuss this more in detail in the second part of the tutorial. Stage 5 : Estimate the test effort and team. Correct effort estimation can prevent any time delays and dynamically enable the re-balancing of resources as required. The primary factors that would influence this activity are the size of the team, the skills within the team, the attitude of the team and the schedule.
It is mandatory to have the effort estimations reviewed by the team to keep in line with these factors which is directly proportional to their interest levels. Stage 6 : Define test schedule. Once you have the testable items that have been broken down into logical line items, the sizing estimate complete for the specified piece of work, a measurable test schedule has to be defined based on all these and the assigned testers.
Whether it's a new project that has to be tested or an enhancement of a previously existing system, the test team must be trained not only technically but also with respect to the overall test process being followed.
Stage 8 : Determine and procure the test environment. Identify the needed infrastructure required for testing the system and initiate all the requests to acquire the needed hardware, software and networking pieces to support the testing. This is a crucial element in the planning phase as this will govern the stability of the test environment, which will have a direct impact on the defects produced.
Stage 9 : Identify test metrics. At the beginning of any project, these measurable units need to be level-set which aid in determining whether there are any opportunities for improvement. Generally, for quality audit purposes, the metrics are direct indicators of the product and process quality. Stage 10 : Create the software test plan , reviews and approved.
While each stage can be a tutorial in itself, this portion of the article aims to bring out the less commonly talked about planning tasks.
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These tasks if not given suitable fore-thought, will have an adverse effect on the test team and hence the product. Let's take a look at these tasks, their importance and tips to constantly keep improvising them in order to manage the QA project effectively. When effective planning techniques are applied, any risks or errors can be easily identified even before testing actually commences.
Although each of the tasks below is interrelated with each other, it was worth giving them a separate mention. This stems from the Effort Estimation and sizing in the planning stage. Keeping in mind skills, attitude, schedule and size of the team, here are some pointers for allocation of tasks:. Knowing how a particular piece of work fits in the overall scheme of things, will help people derive a meaningful method of accomplishing them and will enable them to put their best foot forward.
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Also, keep in mind that a fair chance must be given to even junior members. For example : If a task is large, it can be split within a senior and junior member. Doing this will enable leadership qualities in the senior member and will also build on the junior member's knowledge. If a task is complex, have 2 or more senior members contribute to it.
Also, explain the motive and logic behind the assignment. Before finalizing the assignment, a good idea would be to check with the individual if they agree with it or they have any other suggestions. If there are no objections, discuss the schedule and the kind of status reporting required from their end. A feedback can also mean the individual does not agree with the allocation.
If the concerns expressed are valid, look out for options to re-balance the assignment, such that there is no risk to the task being completed on schedule. Allow the individuals to decide if they want to give an email update or using any other informal modes.https://belgacar.com/components/camera/portable-lg-recherche-google-a-cess.php
How to Plan and Manage Testing Projects Effectively (Tips)
Be approachable and instil the feeling that they can approach you anytime they feel they are getting stuck or if there is anything preventing them from achieving the goal. This will help timely review of the tasks that are still not yet worked upon, the ones in progress and the ones that are completed.
A lot of information regarding management of test resources was done as part of my leadership article found here:. In such cases, if you foresee that the timelines may get hampered, discuss with the management and have the scope accordingly modified. Discuss with the testers the current situation and indicate how these changes happen and get translated top-down.
Always try to diminish the gap between the development and test teams so that issues related to defects or other technical queries are sorted quickly. Instill within each tester a sense of ownership, such that they are in a confident position to drive and lead discussions to resolve technical queries or issues with the management or developers at any given point.
Always have backups identified, so people can take some time off when they feel like they want a break.
We'll cover them more in detail in the next bullet. Management often reacts with raised eyebrows when the actual status is communicated to them. Here are some tips on how to get those eyebrows down to a reasonable degree. They find it exhaustive and an overhead to perform these administrative tasks. We use a proven framework to guide the planning, development, testing and continuous improvement of your digital solution. Combining leading technology and processes with services and expertise to ensure highly effective and sustainable client solutions.
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When we work with clients, we put together the optimal team to provide the fastest, most flexible and most affordable path to market. Leveraging proven methodologies, tools and pre-built frameworks, we can further accelerate your project lifecycles, reduce risk and adjust quickly as the needs of your project change. We offer highly flexible engagement models to optimize team interaction and maximize business value.
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